Under this circumstance, environmental regulation is classified into three types: command-and-control regulation, market-based regulation and voluntary regulation. Moreover, this paper has made elaborate analysis on the effects of these three types of environmental regulation on eco-efficiency.
How many environmental standards are there?
The six laws related to environmental protection and wildlife are: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Indian Forest Act, 1927.
What are three types of environmental standards?
Any action you can think of could be the subject of a standard, but in environmental matters there are three main types of standards: ambient, emission, and technology.
What are environmental quality standards?
Definition: An environmental quality standard is a limit for environmental disturbances, in particular, from ambient concentration of pollutants and wastes, that determines the maximum allowable degradation of environmental media.
Which factor is an environmental standard?
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS: permitted levels of emissions, maximum contaminant levels allowed, an action level for environmental cleanup. or a risk-based calculation. MONITORING PROCEDURES approved by the EPA, must be followed, once environmental standards are set.
What is the full form of UNEP?
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), established in 1972, addresses environmental issues at the global and regional level for the United Nations.
What is a national environmental standard?
National environmental standards are regulations which prescribe technical standards, methods or requirement for land use and subdivision, use of the coastal marine area and beds of lakes and rivers, water take and use, discharges, or noise.
What are some of the main environmental standards and frameworks?
Standards for Specific Environmental Management
ISO 14020: Environmental labels and declarations – General principles. ISO 14040: Environmental Management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and Frameworks. ISO 14050: Environmental Management – Vocabulary.
What is ambient and emission standards?
In terms of economic performance, emissions policies are superior to ambient policies for relatively non-toxic pollutants, whereas ambient standards welfare dominate emissions standards for sufficiently toxic pollutants.
What is the difference between ISO 14000 and 14001?
The ISO 14000 standards provide a guideline or framework for organizations that need to systematize and improve their environmental management efforts. … ISO 14001 specifies the requirements of an environmental management system (EMS) for small to large organizations.
What are the 7 environmental principles?
The seven principles are 1) maintain diversity and redundancy, 2) manage connectivity, 3) manage slow variables and feedbacks, 4) foster complex adaptive systems thinking, 5) encourage learning, 6) broaden participation, and 7) promote polycentric governance systems.
What are the 5 environmental indicators?
Five important global-scale environmental indicators are biological diversity, food production, average global surface temperature and atmospheric CO concentrations, human population, and resource depletion.
What are the 5 major environmental problems?
Some of the key issues are:
- Pollution. …
- Global warming. …
- Overpopulation. …
- Waste disposal. …
- Ocean acidification. …
- Loss of biodiversity. …
- Deforestation. …
- Ozone layer depletion.