Changes in Earth’s climate have different effects in different areas of the world. Some places will warm much more than others, some regions will receive more rainfall, while others are exposed to more frequent droughts. Regional changes in temperature and precipitation are having impacts on people and ecosystems.
How does climate affect a place?
The shape of the land (‘relief’) Climate can be affected by mountains. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced over the higher ground it cools, causing moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall. The higher the place is above sea level the colder it will be.
How does climate affect what grows in an area?
An area’s climate affects the types of plants that can grow there. Plant growth is dependent on precipitation and temperature. If the precipitation level is too high or too low or if the temperature is too high or too low, plants may not grow well. Some climates are better for growing crops than others.
How does climate affect land?
As the relative outputs of agriculture and forestry are altered by temperature increases, land productivity across the planet will be altered. … Over the next several decades, warmer weather in low-latitude regions will increase the likelihood of drought.
How does climate change affect geography?
In polar regions, the warming global temperatures associated with climate change have meant ice sheets and glaciers are melting at an accelerated rate from season to season. This contributes to sea levels rising in different regions of the planet. … The warming of the planet impacts local and regional climates.
How does climate change affect other countries?
Climate change affects the migration of people within and between countries around the world. A variety of reasons may force people to migrate into other areas. … Coastal settlements and low-lying areas are particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, such as sea level rise, erosion, and extreme storms.
How does climate change affect local plants and trees?
Climate change affects the growth of plants in three ways. First, as CO2 levels increase, plants need less water to do photosynthesis. … But a second effect counters that: A warming world means longer and warmer growing seasons, which gives plants more time to grow and consume water, drying the land.
How does the climate affect plants?
Climate change causes warmer summer temperatures and inconsistent precipitation patterns. These environmental alterations affect the flowering periods of plants globally. As the global temperature increases, plants will flower earlier in the season. … As precipitation decreases, flowers may bloom later in the season.
How does climate change affect plants and crops?
Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.
How did geography and climate affect their survival?
Geography doesn’t just determine whether humans can live in a certain area or not, it also determines people’s lifestyles, as they adapt to the available food and climate patterns. As humans have migrated across the planet, they have had to adapt to all the changing conditions they were exposed to.
What are the 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.