Which type of aquatic ecosystem is the most biodiverse?

Aquatic biodiversity is greatest in tropical latitudes. For example, an estimated 3,000 species of fish are found in the Amazon River alone. Coral reef habitats also have extremely high biodiversity; nearly a quarter of all known marine species are found in coral reefs.

Which type of aquatic ecosystem is the most biodiversity?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.

What are the major types of aquatic biodiversity?

So that biodiversity can be divided for convenience in three groups: genetic diversity, organismal diversity and ecological diversity. The Earth is predominantly blue ocean but the is not yet an adequate understanding about the biodiversity of many marine habitats.

Which is the most productive and biodiverse aquatic ecosystem?

The answer is coral reef ecosystem . More than 25% of marine flora and fauna live in this ecosystem, but corals occupy only 1% of the ocean floor.

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What is biodiversity in aquatic ecosystem?

Aquatic biodiversity can be defined as the variety of life and the ecosystems that make up the freshwater, tidal, and marine regions of the world and their interactions. Aquatic biodiversity encompasses freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers, streams, groundwater, and wetlands.

Where is the most aquatic biodiversity?

Aquatic biodiversity is greatest in tropical latitudes. For example, an estimated 3,000 species of fish are found in the Amazon River alone. Coral reef habitats also have extremely high biodiversity; nearly a quarter of all known marine species are found in coral reefs.

Which ecosystem has high biodiversity low biodiversity?

Estuarine areas (where rivers meet seas and oceans) have high biodiversity compared to other areas. Trophical rainforests are rich in terms of biodiversity. Arid and semiarid areas have low biodiversity. Deserts, for example, contain limited numbers of species.

What are the 4 types of aquatic ecosystems?

Different types of aquatic ecosystems are as follows:

  • Freshwater Ecosystem: These cover only a small portion of the earth which is nearly 0.8 percent. …
  • Lotic Ecosystems: …
  • Lentic Ecosystems: …
  • Wetlands: …
  • Marine Aquatic Ecosystem: …
  • Ocean Ecosystems: …
  • Coastal Systems:

What are the types of aquatic ecosystem?

In general, there are two types of aquatic ecosystem, namely marine ecosystems and freshwater ecosystems. Both marine and freshwater ecosystems are further divided under different aquatic ecosystems.

What are the three types of aquatic organisms?

Aquatic organisms generally fall into three broad groups: plankton, nekton, and benthos. They vary in how they move and where they live.

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Which two aquatic ecosystems are the most productive?

The two most productive are estuaries, swamps and marshes, and tropical rain forests.

Which is the most productive aquatic biome?

When the water is relatively clear, photosynthesis can occur in the neritic zone. The water contains silt and is well-oxygenated, low in pressure, and stable in temperature. These factors all contribute to the neritic zone having the highest productivity and biodiversity of the ocean.

Which aquatic biome is the most productive and why?

These highly productive areas have an average annual net primary production of over 1,000 grams per square meter per year. The aquatic biome with the highest level of primary productivity is the coral reef biome with around 2,500 grams of biomass per square meter per year.