Energy, food and health – all indispensable to human development – rely on the water services provided by natural ecosystems. Freshwater ecosystems, such as wetlands and rivers, also provide crucial regulating services, such as water purification, flood mitigation and the treatment of human and industrial wastes.
What are the benefits of freshwater ecosystem?
Freshwater ecosystems provide water for home and farm use and for power generation and industrial development. Their biodiversity supports recreational activities and tourism.
How is freshwater an economic service?
In addition to the production of marketable goods, therefore, freshwater ecosystems may provide functions such as nutrient re- cycling and renewal as well as conferring aesthetic and cultural benefits to humans (Costanza et al. 1997).
What kinds of benefits do marine and freshwater ecosystems provide to society and economies?
All ecosystems are connected by water. As a result freshwater is worth trillions of dollars to our economy through various ecosystem services. These include power generation, food and medicine production, flood buffering and recreation and tourism.
What ecosystem services do freshwater systems provide?
Freshwater systems provide a range of vital regulating and maintaining ecosystem services through processes that move water, energy, nutrients, organisms and sediment across different landscapes and habitats, linking atmospheric, terrestrial, groundwater and marine systems.
How do humans benefit from freshwater?
Freshwater is vital for life, supporting ecosystems and human civilizations. We use freshwater in many aspects of daily life including food production, power generation, manufacturing, and sanitation.
What are the advantages of freshwater lakes?
Freshwater lakes, like other surface water ecosystems, provide a wide array of benefits for people, such as water provision, fisheries, flood attenuation, and recreational purposes, and play an important role in global biogeochemical cycles , including water, carbon, and nutrient balances.
What are the economic services provided by marine ecosystems?
-Economic Services Provided: Food, animals and pet feed, pharmaceuticals, harbors and transportation routes, coastal habitats for humans, recreation, employment, oil and natural gas, minerals, and building materials.
What are economic importance of fisheries?
It provides good job opportunities and self-employment. Culturing fishes on a large scale in ponds, lakes, and reservoirs boost the productivity and economy of the nation. Fishes are a source of nutritious food as they are rich in proteins, vitamins (A, D, and K), carbohydrates, fats, and minerals.
Why are Fisheries important for society and the economy?
Fishes are the major source of animal protein providing 80% of the animal protein intake and 7% of total protein supplies. Fishery exports have increased by about 15% a year over the past 10 years and fishery products now rank fourth among all export commodities behind garments, jute and leather.
What are the benefits of fish and aquatic resources?
Benefits from fisheries and aquaculture include the production of food, livelihood improvement, nutrition and health (http://www.fao.org/focus/e/fisheries/nutr.htm, Dugan et al., 2007), and the contribution of fisheries to ecosystem resilience.