It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
What contributes to the high biodiversity in the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
What is biodiversity Why are forests considered as biodiversity hotspot?
Forests serve as the reservoir of biodiversity containing different species of plants, animals and different types of microbes. They comprise of richest diversity of species including the most rare and endangered species. Therefore, forests are often considered as biodiversity hotspots.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
Which of the following places in the Philippines are well known for its high biodiversity?
More than 60 percent of the 167 different species of mammals and 65 percent of the 10,000+ species of plants are endemic. Although many of the islands have an incredible assortment of wildlife, no island has more to offer than the island province of Palawan.
Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?
Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. … On larger islands mountain peaks separated by swaths of lowlands further isolated species, preventing interbreeding and gene flow between populations.
Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
Why forest is referred as biodiversity hotspot What is the main aim of conserving forest?
Forest serves as the reservoir of biodiversity containing different species of plants, animals and all other sorts of living organisms. … Guarding these regions against further damage is considered environmentally and culturally important, as they host organisms that are not found anywhere else on Earth.
Why are forests considered biodiversity hotspots suggest four approaches towards conservation of forest?
A biodiversity hotspot is a region with large biological diversity. Forest serves as a reservior of biodiversity containing different species of plants, animals and many other micro-organims. … Regulated and planned planting and cutting of trees.
Why are forests considered biodiversity hotspots suggests 4 approaches towards the conservation of forests?
Forests contain a wide variety of plant life and animal life. This plethora of flora and fauna makes forests, biodiversity hotspots. Mankind has to take urgent steps to conserve world’s fast dwindling forest cover. … Forest produce must be tapped and used responsibly.
How is the biodiversity in the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Why is high biodiversity advantageous over low biodiversity?
The higher the biodiversity of an ecosystem, the more sustainable it is. Conversely, lower biodiversity equals less sustainability. The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable.
What is high biodiversity?
High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.