Areas that are “hotspots” of biodiversity can carry higher value for other important ecosystem services, including carbon storage, water conservation and scenic beauty, according to a new study from Costa Rica. In areas that provide high carbon storage, however, benefits from the other services are slightly lower.
What is the main benefit of identifying biodiversity hotspots?
Yet the hotspots remain important in our work for two important reasons: Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth. Without species, there would be no air to breathe, no food to eat, no water to drink. There would be no human society at all.
What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?
A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services
- Protection of water resources.
- Soils formation and protection.
- Nutrient storage and recycling.
- Pollution breakdown and absorption.
- Contribution to climate stability.
- Maintenance of ecosystems.
- Recovery from unpredictable events.
How do hotspots help in conserving biodiversity?
Defining areas as biodiversity hotspots is done as a way of prioritizing money put towards conservation. The idea is that spending money to protect these areas has the highest positive outcome for a given amount of money. There are 34 biological hotspots across the globe, shown below.
What is the most important biodiversity hotspot?
There are over 30 recognized biodiversity hotspots in the world. The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region.
How do humans benefit from biodiversity?
Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.
What is biodiversity Why is biodiversity important for human life?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
What are the 4 benefits of biodiversity?
The four key benefits are: (1) Biodiversity Provides the Natural Resource, (2) Biodiversity Provides the Genetic Resource, (3) Biodiversity Maintains a Stable Ecosystem, and (4) Biodiversity Ensures Optimum Utilization and Conservation of Abiotic Resources in an Ecosystem.
What is biodiversity and its benefits?
Biodiversity underpins all ecosystems and their services
Biodiversity. Diversity can be defined as the number of different items and their relative frequencies. … Biodiversity is fundamental for the provision of ecosystem services, which we depend on for food, air, and water security, and multiple other natural benefits.
What are the economic benefits of biodiversity?
Biodiversity Underpins Economic Activity
Agriculture, forestry and fisheries products, stable natural hydrological cycles, fertile soils, a balanced climate and numerous other vital ecosystem services depend upon the conservation of biological diversity.
Which is a hotspot of biodiversity?
They are western ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Himalayas. Note that even the biodiversity hotspots cover less than two percent of the world’s total land area, by protecting these regions we can decrease the rate of species extinctions by 30%.
What is biodiversity hotspot protection?
The actual achievement of protecting a hotspot is what is outlined in its definition: an area with at least 1,500 endemic species of vascular plants and less than 30% of its original habitat has now been protected.
What are some examples of biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.