In addition to providing food, fuel and fiber, forests clean the air, filter water supplies, control floods and erosion, sustain biodiversity and genetic resources, and provide opportunities for recreation, education, and cultural enrichment.
What is the ecology of a forest?
Forest ecology is the study of all aspects of the ecology of wooded areas, including rainforest, deciduous and evergreen, temperate and boreal forest. It includes the community ecology of the trees and other plant and non-plant species, as well as ecosystem processes and conservation.
What are all the benefits of forest ecosystem?
Healthy forest ecosystems produce and conserve soil and stabilize stream flows and water runoff—preventing land degradation and desertification, and reducing the risks of natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and landslides.
What are the ecosystem values?
Ecosystem values are measures of how important ecosystem services are to people – what they are worth. Economists measure the value of ecosystem services to people by estimating the amount people are willing to pay to preserve or enhance the services (see Basic Concepts of Economic Value for more detailed information).
What are the 3 types of forest ecosystem?
There are three general types of forest that exist: temperate, tropical, and boreal.
What are the ecological roles played by forest?
The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include: goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts. ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat. social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and …
What are the characteristics of forest ecosystem?
The characteristic features of forest ecosystems include vegetation dominated by large tree species. Many different types of forest exist, but they can all generally fall into four groups: boreal, temperate, wet tropical and dry tropical.
What are the values derived from forest resources?
Provisioning: Useful physical products of the forest such as food, wood, fibre and fuel. Regulating: These are the ‘preventative’ benefits of forests: their role in erosion control, flood prevention, climate regulation, carbon sequestration and water purification.
What are the five advantages of forest?
Advantages of Forest
- (i) Influence on Climate: …
- (ii) Control of Runoff: …
- (iii) Flood Control: …
- (iv) Wildlife Habitat Provision: …
- (v) Prevention of Soil Erosion: …
- (vi) Reduction of Wind Erosion: …
- (vii) Removal of Pollutants: …
- (viii) Noise Abatement:
What are ecological parks?
Ecological parks derive from a world view that breaks down the dichotomy between nature and culture. This allows all of the landscape potentially to have ecological value. Alcatraz is an excellent example of this.
How do we value nature?
Our forests, rivers, oceans and soils provide us with the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we irrigate our crops with. We also rely on them for numerous other goods and services we depend on for our health, happiness and prosperity. These natural assets are often called the world’s ‘natural capital’.
What are the 4 types of ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.