Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What are the 4 major climate zones?
According to this classification system, four major climatic belts―equatorial, tropical, mid-latitude and arctic (Antarctic), which are dominated by equatorial, tropical, polar and arctic (Antarctic) air masses respectively―are differentiated in the globe.
What are all the climate zones in Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert.
What are the 4 major climate zones of West Africa?
These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.
What is the 4 climate?
The types of climates are: Tropical, Desert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate), has long, usually very cold winters, and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons. … Tropical climates have warm temperature and only two seasons; wet and dry.
How many major climate zones are there?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar. The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone, the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C.
What is the major climate of Africa?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates. … The great distinguishing feature of this climatic region is the seasonal character of its rainfall.
Which climate zone does Africa fall?
The movement of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) throughout the year dominates the climate system in central Africa and surrounding regions. The location of large thunderstorms moves north and south throughout the year. The large scale circulation brings moisture to the region via the trade winds.
What climate is it in Africa?
Africa, with the equator cutting across its center, is the world’s most tropical continent. Only its northern edge and southern tip are outside the tropics. … The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate, with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.
What is the climate in South Africa?
South Africa’s climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights.
What are the three climate zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).