Question: What lines affect climate?

There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles. There are variations, though, as other factors such as elevation, ocean currents, and precipitation affect climate patterns.

What factors affect climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

What are the 7 factors that affect climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What imaginary line determines climate?

Imaginary lines that run east to west and measure the earth from the equator to the North Pole and to the South Pole in degrees from 0 to 90. They are also called parallels. The most important latitude line is the Equator. Latitude determines climate.

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How does latitude affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

What are the 4 factors that cause climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the 6 factors that affect the climate?

The six factors that affect (influence) the temperature are: (1) elevation (altitude), (2) latitude, (3) proximity of large bodies of water, (4) ocean currents, (5) proximity of mountain ranges (topography), (6) prevailing and seasonal winds.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

These are summarised below.

  • Latitude. Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. …
  • Altitude. Temperatures decrease with height. …
  • Winds. If winds have been blown from a hot area, they will raise temperatures. …
  • Distance from the sea (continentality) Land heats and cools faster than the sea. …
  • Aspect.

What are the 5 elements that affect climate?

Just as climate itself encompasses many elements, including temperature, precipitation and wind conditions, the climate system includes five basic components: the atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere and biosphere.

Why does topography affect climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.

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How does elevation affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

Can you live on the equator?

The equator itself crosses the land or territorial waters of 14 countries. If you live on the equator you will experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world, taking a matter of minutes. … While temperatures at the equator are very high, there is one single point on the equator where you’ll find snow.

What is imaginary lines of the earth?

Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Zero degrees longitude (0) is called the prime meridian.