Wetlands provide many societal benefits: food and habitat for fish and wildlife, including threatened and endangered species; water quality improvement; flood storage; shoreline erosion control; economically beneficial natural products for human use; and opportunities for recreation, education, and research (Figure 28) …
What are 3 main functions of wetlands?
Functions & values of wetlands
- Water purification.
- Flood protection.
- Shoreline stabilization.
- Groundwater recharge and stream flow maintenance.
What ecosystem services and functions do wetlands provide?
Wetlands provide several ecosystem services such as reducing erosion, recharging aquifers and providing habitat for several wildlife species.
What are the two main ecological function of wetland?
Wetlands are multi-functional; they provide services, such as water purification and regulation of water flows, fishery and other resources for human and non-human uses, habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms and opportunities for recreation and tourism.
What do you mean by wetland ecosystem?
A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). … Wetlands are considered among the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of unique plant and animal species.
Why is wetland ecosystem important for biodiversity?
Wetlands are an important part of the ecosystem that regulate water and have a unique role in maintaining the food chain. Wetlands are also habitats for several species of wildlife, from aquatic animals to migratory birds, which lie within various ecosystems of the high mountains and lowland plains.
What is the economic importance of wetlands in an ecosystem?
Wetlands filter and clean water, which decreases the costs of drinking water treatment, and they reduce the frequency and intensity of floods. They support the life cycle of 75% of the fish and shellfish commercially harvested in the U.S., and up to 90% of the recreational fish catch.
How is wetland ecosystem important for biodiversity?
at the interface between land and water, wetlands are of immense value for biodiversity and also for the livelihoods of the local communities. Wetlands are the sources of water. … similarly, out of 20 endemic vertebrates, 17 are wetland dependent including nine species of herpeto-fauna and eight fish species.
What is a wetland and why is it important?
Why are wetlands important? Wetlands associated with streams and rivers slow down floodwaters by acting as giant shallow pans. Water flowing into these pans loses speed and spreads out. Plants in the wetland play an important role in holding back the water.
What are the different types of wetlands and its functions?
As the title implies, wetlands are classified by their geomorphic setting, dominant water source (e.g. precipitation, groundwater or surface water) and hydrodynamics. The hydrogeomorphic (HGM) includes five major wetland types: riverine, slope depressional, flat and fringe.
What is not a function of wetland?
Reduction of global warming is not a function performed by wetlands. Explanation: … It is very important to preserve a wetland as it stores the sediments, prevents erosion, and makes the land rich in sediments which in turn increases the fertility of the soil.