Your question: Why does Indonesia have high levels of biodiversity?

Why are biodiversity levels so high in Indonesia?

Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. … Tragically, the rapid loss of Indonesia’s biologically wealthy rainforests is driving in-numerable species to the very edge of survival.

Why is Indonesia called mega biodiversity?

Based on the distribution of the world biodiversity, Indonesia is often called mega-biodiversity region, i.e. a region with the highest biodiversity in the world. … However, Indonesia is also recognized as a biodiversity hotspot, referring to its high endemism but with high rate of biodiversity lost as well.

Does Indonesia have a lot of biodiversity?

Indonesia boasts the second highest level of biodiversity in the world. It is one of the 17 megadiverse countries and has two of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots, 18 World Wildlife Fund’s “Global 200” ecoregions and 24 of Bird Life International’s Endemic Bird Areas.

Why is the biodiversity flora and fauna in Indonesia classified so high?

The fauna of Indonesia is characterised by high levels of biodiversity and endemicity due to its distribution over a vast tropical archipelago. … Environmental issues due to Indonesia’s rapid industrialisation process and high population growth, have seen lower priority given to preserving ecosystems.

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What is happening to biodiversity in Indonesia?

The main factors affecting biodiversity loss and species extinction in Indonesia are habitat degradation and fragmentation, landscape changes, overexploitation, pollution, climate change, alien species, forest and land fires, and the economic and political crises occurring in the country.

What ecosystem is Indonesia?

Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions. Some of the ecological regions are Borneo montane rain forests, Buru rain forests, Lesser Sundas deciduous forests, New Guinea mangroves, Sumatran freshwater swamp forests, and Sumba deciduous forests.

Why is Philippines included in the list of global hotspots?

The Philippines are of volcanic origin; a large part of the terrain is mountainous, with fertile soils and spectacular landscapes. The country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.

Why do Indonesian rainforests matter?

Indonesia’s rainforests are one of earth’s most biologically and culturally rich landscapes. … Containing the largest expanse of rainforest in all of Asia, it is home to hundreds of distinct Indigenous languages and over 3,000 animal species including Sumatran tigers, pygmy elephants, rhinoceros and orangutans.

Which country has the most biodiversity loss?

Australia is among the top seven countries worldwide responsible for 60% of the world’s biodiversity loss between 1996 and 2008, according to a study published last week in the journal Nature. The researchers examined the conservation status of species in 109 countries and compared that to conservation funding.

What is Indonesia’s flora and fauna?

Despite having the fourth largest population in the world, Indonesia is the most heavily forested place on Earth after the Amazon, and is home to roughly 11% of the world’s flowering plants, 13% of its mammals – including 46 primate species, 6% of its amphibians, 7% of its reptiles,16% of its birds and 14% of its fish …

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What is Indonesia’s native flora and fauna?

Indonesia is comprised by over 17,000 islands, and is located in a transitional zone between some of the world’s largest flora and fauna habitat regions.

Native Plants Of Indonesia.

Native Plants of Indonesia Scientific Name
Anggrek Bulan Phalaenopsis amabilis
Padma Raksasa Rafflesia Rafflesia arnoldii
Malay Paduak Pterocarpus indicus