You asked: What affects the climate in South America?

What factors are climate affected by?

The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.

What affects climate the most?

On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

What are the 4 factors that affect the change in climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What is the climate like in South America?

In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. Countries in the Amazon baisn like Northern Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have are dominated by rainforest and have consistent hot and humid weather year-round with high rainfall. … The climate in South America is much more volatile further south.

IT\'S FUNNING:  Your question: How much nuclear waste is produced per person per year?

What are the 7 factors that affect climate?

Factors that Influence Climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What are 5 factors that cause climate change?

The National found out the five main culprits for this increase in greenhouse gases.

  • Fossil fuels. Expand Autoplay. …
  • Deforestation. …
  • Increasing livestock farming. …
  • Fertilisers containing nitrogen. …
  • Fluorinated gases.

What are the factors affecting climate and weather?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance to the ocean or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

What are the major controls affecting the climate of a place?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds. LOWERN is an alternative short form for six factors that affect climate.

How latitude affects the climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.