Why is India said to have rich biodiversity?

Which biodiversity is rich in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Why India is a mega biodiversity country?

Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms – Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.

Why India has a rich variety of flora and fauna?

The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains.

How many biodiversity rich Centres are there in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

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How does biodiversity vary in India?

Because of its vast size and location, India has a varied bio-diversity. Ranging from flora and fauna that thrive in the tropics, it has those which survive in sub-zero temperatures, in the northern regions. The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 was passed by the Indian Parliament.

What makes Indian biodiversity unique?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

What do you know about India as a country with great biodiversity?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

How is India rich in fauna explain?

India is rich in fauna because of its geography which is very rich in biodiversity. … India is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian and 11.7% of all fish. There are more than 91,000 species of animals in India which include some endangered species of the world.

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Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna How can you say that India has rich biodiversity?

India has a large geographical area and varied climate. India has different types of soils and blessed with perennial rivers. That is why it has a rich heritage of flora and fauna. Due to its weather and climatic conditions, India has a very good land fertility which helps in flora and fauna to increase.

Why does India passes a great diversity of flora explain?

Answer Expert Verified

India possesses a great variety of flora due to : (a) Varied relief of mountains, plains, plateaus, deserts. They all have their own different types of flora. (b) Different types of terrain and soils-like alluvial, black, red, laterite-support different types ‘of vegetation and crops.