Why do indigenous communities and conservationists want to protect the Arctic National wildlife Refuge?

Why do indigenous communities want to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

The decision forced the Tribes to choose between devoting limited time and resources to protect their communities during the global pandemic, or to protect their way of life from the catastrophic effects of fossil fuel development in the Coastal Plain.

Why are environmentalists opposed to oil and natural gas mining in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

Conservationists said that oil development would unnecessarily threaten the existence of the Porcupine caribou by cutting off the herd from calving areas. They also expressed concerns that oil operations would erode the fragile ecological systems that support wildlife on the tundra of the Arctic plain.

What does the wildlife refuge protect?

A national wildlife refuge is a designation for certain protected areas that are managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. These public lands and waters are set aside to conserve America’s wild animals and plants.

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When was the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge protected?

On December 6, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower made their vision a reality by establishing the 8.9-million-acre Arctic National Wildlife Range specifically for its “unique wildlife, wilderness, and recreational values.” In 1980, President Jimmy Carter continued this legacy by expanding the area, designating much of …

What is going on with the Arctic Refuge?

The battle over Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge has been a harrowing one — in August 2020, the Trump administration approved a full gas and oil drilling plan that would make 1.5 million acres of the preserved natural lands available to drilling, in order to boost the economy and bring jobs to local people.

Why is it important to protect the Arctic?

“Conserving these species and their habitat protects us from a warming climate. Arctic species are also a critically important aspect of indigenous cultures essential to the food security of those living in the region. … They have publicly committed to the conservation of a species that depends on it.”

Who lives in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

In North America, our Arctic is populated by both the Inupiaq and Gwich’in. While both adventure seekers and residents travel within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, there are two permanent villages whose livelihoods are tied to the Arctic Refuge and have been for thousands of years: Kaktovik and Arctic Village.

Why drilling in the Arctic is bad?

The vast size, remote location, and extreme weather conditions—combined with the complete lack of infrastructure for responding to oil spills—make drilling in the Arctic Ocean extremely dangerous. Our ability to respond to emergencies and oil spills is severely limited.

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Why we should drill for oil in Alaska?

As oil is used in many other things than cars, it is a good idea to drill for oil in ANWR for many more reasons. … Drilling will also increase oil revenues for the state of Alaska , which is a huge benefit. And drilling oil in ANWR could possibly lower gas prices at the pump.

Why is the National Wildlife Refuge System Important?

National wildlife refuges are places where a majority our nation’s animals find the habitat they need to survive. … This makes the Refuge System the single most important system of lands set aside to protect our nation’s rich wild heritage.

What did the National Wildlife Refuge System do?

The mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System is to administer a national network of lands and waters for the conservation, management and, where appropriate, restoration of the fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats within the United States for the benefit of present and future generations of …

How does wildlife refuges help animals that are endangered?

National wildlife refuges make up some of the habitat these animals need. … When an animal is listed under the Endangered Species Act, scientists at the Fish and Wildlife Service designate some stretches of land as “critical habitat,” meaning they can provide all shelter, food and other essentials the species needs.