What factors should you consider when assessing an environmental hazard and its effect on human health?
Several factors must be considered when assessing the risk of a hazard, including populations that are most susceptible (due to intrinsic biological factors), vulnerable (due to environmental factors), and sensitive (both susceptible and vulnerable) (enHealth, 2012).
What are the effects of environmental hazards on human health?
Environmental hazards increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma, and many other illnesses. These hazards can be physical, such as pollution, toxic chemicals, and food contaminants, or they can be social, such as dangerous work, poor housing conditions, urban sprawl, and poverty.
What are the three factors to consider when assessing risk?
While many individuals are involved in the process and many factors come into play, performing an effective risk assessment comes down to three core elements: risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation.
What are the major components in assessing the environmental risk?
Carrying out an environmental risk assessment involves the following 6 steps: 1) problem identification; 2) hazard characterization; 3) exposure characterization; 4) risk characterization; 5) documenting the assessment and implementing precautions; and 6) monitoring at regular intervals.
What are the 4 steps for assessing risk?
A human health risk assessment includes four steps, which begin with planning:
- Planning – Planning and Scoping process. …
- Step 1 – Hazard Identification. …
- Step 2 – Dose-Response Assessment. …
- Step 3 – Exposure Assessment. …
- Step 4 – Risk Characterization.
What are the five environmental factors?
Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.
What do you understand by environmental hazard?
An environmental hazard is any condition, process, or state adversely affecting the environment. Environmental hazards manifest as physical or chemical pollution in air, water, and soils. Environmental hazards can cause widespread harm to humans and the physical environment.
What is environmental risk factors?
Environmental risks to health include pollution, radiation, noise, land use patterns, work environment, and climate change. These risks are driven by policies in sectors outside the health sector, such as energy, industry, agriculture, transport, and land planning.
What factors should you consider when assessing your ability to handle a load?
Other factors that should be considered include repetition, individual capacity, posture and the work environment. The guideline weights can be used to determine if the load is too heavy. Working outside these guidelines is likely to increase the risk of injury.
What are the 5 key steps to doing a risk assessment?
The 5 Steps to Risk Assessment Explained
- 1: Identify the Hazards.
- 2: Decide Who Might Be Harmed and How.
- 3: Evaluate the Risks and Take Action to Prevent Them.
- 4: Record Your Findings.
- 5: Review the Risk Assessment.