What do wetlands do for the ecosystem?

What are 10 benefits of wetlands?

The ‘ecosystem services’ – the benefits people obtain from ecosystems – provided by wetlands include:

  • Flood control.
  • Groundwater replenishment.
  • Shoreline stabilization & storm protection.
  • Sediment & nutrient retention and export.
  • Water purification.
  • Reservoirs of biodiversity.
  • Wetland products.
  • Cultural values.

What are the 4 functions of wetlands?

Functions & values of wetlands

  • Water purification.
  • Flood protection.
  • Shoreline stabilization.
  • Groundwater recharge and stream flow maintenance.

How do wetlands help the economy?

Wetlands contribute to the national and local economies by producing resources, enabling recreational activities and providing other benefits, such as pollution control and flood protection. … A wetland is a natural area that is often wet but may not be wet all year round.

What is the economic importance of wetlands in an ecosystem?

Wetlands filter and clean water, which decreases the costs of drinking water treatment, and they reduce the frequency and intensity of floods. They support the life cycle of 75% of the fish and shellfish commercially harvested in the U.S., and up to 90% of the recreational fish catch.

Why is wetland useful?

Wetlands play a critical role in maintaining many natural cycles and supporting a wide range of biodiversity. They purify and replenish our water, and provide the fish and rice that feed billions. They serve as a natural sponge against flooding and drought, protect our coastlines and help fight climate change.

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Why is wetland ecosystem important for biodiversity?

at the interface between land and water, wetlands are of immense value for biodiversity and also for the livelihoods of the local communities. Wetlands are the sources of water. … similarly, out of 20 endemic vertebrates, 17 are wetland dependent including nine species of herpeto-fauna and eight fish species.

What are two main ecological function of wetland?

Wetlands are multi-functional; they provide services, such as water purification and regulation of water flows, fishery and other resources for human and non-human uses, habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms and opportunities for recreation and tourism.

What are three important things wetlands can do?

Wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Wetlands are valuable for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics.

How do wetlands benefit humans and the environment?

They offer critical habitat for fish, waterfowl and other wildlife, they purify polluted waters, and they help check the destructive power of floods and storms. … Water Quality: Wetlands act as natural water purifiers, filtering sediment and absorbing many pollutants in surface waters.