What are the 4 functions of wetlands?
Functions & values of wetlands
- Water purification.
- Flood protection.
- Shoreline stabilization.
- Groundwater recharge and stream flow maintenance.
What are the ecological functions of wetlands?
Wetlands are multi-functional; they provide services, such as water purification and regulation of water flows, fishery and other resources for human and non-human uses, habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms and opportunities for recreation and tourism.
What are 3 ecological functions of a wetland?
Some of these services, or functions, include protecting and improving water quality, providing fish and wildlife habitats, storing floodwaters and maintaining surface water flow during dry periods. These valuable functions are the result of the unique natural characteristics of wetlands.
What are four general functions and benefits that wetlands provide?
Wetlands provide many societal benefits: food and habitat for fish and wildlife, including threatened and endangered species; water quality improvement; flood storage; shoreline erosion control; economically beneficial natural products for human use; and opportunities for recreation, education, and research (Figure 28) …
What are the different types of wetlands and its functions?
As the title implies, wetlands are classified by their geomorphic setting, dominant water source (e.g. precipitation, groundwater or surface water) and hydrodynamics. The hydrogeomorphic (HGM) includes five major wetland types: riverine, slope depressional, flat and fringe.
Which of the following are the functions of wetland?
Functions of Wetlands:
- Nutrients recycling.
- Water purification.
- Floods mitigation.
- Maintenance of streamflow.
- Groundwater recharging.
- Control rate of runoff in urban areas.
- Buffer shorelines against erosion.
What are the functions and values of wetlands?
Wetlands are considered valuable because they clean the water, recharge water supplies, reduce flood risks, and provide fish and wildlife habitat. In addition, wetlands provide recreational opportunities, aesthetic benefits, sites for research and education, and commercial fishery benefits.
What is not a function of wetland?
Reduction of global warming is not a function performed by wetlands. Explanation: … It is very important to preserve a wetland as it stores the sediments, prevents erosion, and makes the land rich in sediments which in turn increases the fertility of the soil.
What are the different ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. …
- Regulating Services. …
- Cultural Services. …
- Supporting Services.