How does the relief features control the climate conditions?
(i) Altitude: As one moves up to the higher altitudes, the atmosphere becomes less dense and temperature decreases. Therefore, hills cools down during summers. (ii) Relief: High mountains act as barriers for cold and hot winds. They may also cause precipitation if they lie in the path of rain bearing winds.
What are the effects of relief rainfall?
When the warm air rises, it cools and condenses to form clouds, which bring rain. Once the air has passed over the mountains, it descends and warms. This creates drier conditions known as a rain shadow .
How does relief features affect climate of Asia?
Mountain Ranges: The mountain ranges of Asia running in the east west direction obstruct the path of rain bearing winds coming from the south and bring rain to the areas which lie on the windward side of the mountains. Further, the Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds rising from Central Asia.
What are the impact of relief features on environment?
effect on highland climate
The relief of mountains affects climate because they stand in the path of wind systems and force air to rise over them. As the air rises it cools, leading to higher precipitation on windward mountain slopes (orographic precipitation); as it descends leeward slopes it becomes warmer…
What role does Relief play in determining climate of a place?
Relief has a great bearing on the climate of a place . The higher the place,the cooler it is and lower the place,the hotter it is because the temperature decreased at the rate of 1 degree celcius for every 165 metres. That is how relief play a major role in determining the climate of a place.
How does the relief of an area affect the climate of a place Class 9?
Answer: The relief of a place affects the climate of a place when the high mountains act as barriers for cold and hot winds, e.g. the Himalayas. They also affect the amount of rainfall if they are very high. They force the wind to give heavy rain on the windward side and less rain on the leeward side.
What are the factors affecting the climate of a place?
Factors that affect the climate of a place:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
What is the difference between relief and climate?
When we speak of the elevation (height above sea level) of an area, we are also speaking of relief. The relief of an area can have a significant effect on the climate of that area. … Elevation has a marked effect on the temperature of an area. Generally speaking, temperature decreases with height in the lower atmosphere.
How does water affect climate?
Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.
How does relief rainfall affect the UK?
Prevailing winds bring warm, moist air to the western British Isles. Air is forced to rise over high areas. … Clouds form and it rains. Air descends on the other side of the mountains.