How does climate change affect water availability in Australia?
Shifts in climate that result in less rainfall and higher temperatures are the greatest threat to our water resources. Australia and the globe are experiencing rapid climate change. … Prolonged high temperatures have increased evaporation rates, dehydrated soils, and increased stress on crops, animals and vegetation.
How is Australia impacted by water scarcity?
In Australia, water scarcity will undoubtedly cause an increase in competition between agriculture and industry for water usage; it will undermine and greatly affect domestic food production and will result in increased political pressure borne by the escalation of climate change refugees seeking asylum.
What are the main causes of water scarcity in Australia?
In recent years, low rainfall in many parts of Australia has led to low water storage levels, causing concern about the adequacy of water supplies. Population increase, especially in coastal urban areas, is placing further pressure on water supplies.
How does climate change pollute water?
In many areas, increased water temperatures will cause eutrophication and excess algal growth, which will reduce drinking water quality. The quality of drinking water sources may also be compromised by increased sediment or nutrient inputs due to extreme storm events.
How does climate change impact water in Western Australia?
Western Australia, particularly the south-west, is vulnerable to climate change. Changing rainfall patterns, rising sea levels and increasing intense weather events pose a threat to the states water supply, agriculture, coastal infrastructure and natural habitats.
What are some different factors that will influence Australia’s water in the future?
Water security is threatened by a number of factors. These include climate change, rainfall variability, population growth, economic development, and drought.